Learn English Tenses in Urdu

Learn English Tenses in Urdu consist complete details of tense in Urdu and English with examples. There are three primary tenses: present, past, and future. Here’s a brief overview of each.

Present Tense

There are four types of present tenses: simple present, present continuous, present perfect and present perfect Continuous. Here is a brief explanation of each type with examples:

Simple Present:

The simple present tense is used to describe actions or events that occur regularly or habits. It is formed by adding specific endings to the verb stem, depending on the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھاتا ہوں۔ (I eat.)
  • وہ سوتا ہے۔ (He sleeps.)
  • تم بولتے ہو۔ (You speak.)

Present Continuous:

The present continuous tense is used to describe actions or events that are happening now or around now. It is formed by adding “رہا ہے“, “رہی ہے“, or “رہے ہیں” to the present tense verb stem, depending on the gender and number of the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھا رہا ہوں۔ (I am eating.)
  • وہ سو رہا ہے۔ (He is sleeping.)
  • تم بول رہے ہو۔ (You are speaking.)

Present Perfect:

The present perfect tense is used to describe actions or events that occurred in the past but have a connection with the present. It is formed by adding “چکا ہے“, “چکی ہے“, or “چکے ہیں” to the present tense verb stem, depending on the gender and number of the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھا چکا ہوں۔ (I have eaten.)
  • وہ سو چکا ہے۔ (He has slept.)
  • تم بول چکے ہو۔ (You have spoken.)

It is important to note that the present tense endings may vary based on the gender and number of the subject. Additionally, the verb stem may change in some cases to reflect the present tense.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

The present perfect continuous tense is used to describe an action that started in the past, continued into the present, and is still ongoing. It is formed by combining the present tense of the verb “to have” (رکھنا – rakhna) with the present participle (-رہا ہوں / -رہی ہوں / -رہے ہیں).

Here are the present perfect continuous tense forms for the verb “to speak” (بولنا – bolna) in the three main grammatical persons:

  1. Singular:

  • I have been speaking: میں بول رہا ہوں (Main bol raha hoon)
  • You have been speaking (informal): تم بول رہے ہو (Tum bol rahe ho)
  • You have been speaking (formal): آپ بول رہے ہیں (Aap bol rahe hain)
  • He has been speaking: وہ بول رہا ہے (Woh bol raha hai)
  • She has been speaking: وہ بول رہی ہے (Woh bol rahi hai)
  1. Plural:

  • We have been speaking: ہم بول رہے ہیں (Hum bol rahe hain)
  • You have been speaking (informal): تم بول رہے ہو (Tum bol rahe ho)
  • You have been speaking (formal): آپ بول رہے ہیں (Aap bol rahe hain)
  • They have been speaking: وہ بول رہے ہیں (Woh bol rahe hain)

Past Tense

There are three types of past tense in Urdu: simple past, past continuous, past perfect and past perfect Continuous. Here is a brief explanation of each type with examples:

Simple Past:

The simple past tense is used to describe actions or events that occurred at a specific time in the past. It is formed by adding specific endings to the verb stem, depending on the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھایا۔ (I ate.)
  • وہ سویا۔ (He slept.)
  • تم بولے۔ (You spoke.)

Past Continuous:

The past continuous tense is used to describe actions or events that were happening continuously in the past. It is formed by adding “رہا تھا“, “رہی تھی“, or “رہے تھے” to the past tense verb stem, depending on the gender and number of the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھا رہا تھا۔ (I was eating.)
  • وہ سو رہا تھا۔ (He was sleeping.)
  • تم بول رہے تھے۔ (You were speaking.)

Past Perfect:

The past perfect tense is used to describe an action that happened before another action in the past. It is formed by adding “چکا تھا“, “چکی تھی“, or “چکے تھے” to the past tense verb stem, depending on the gender and number of the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھا چکا تھا۔ (I had eaten.)
  • وہ سو چکا تھا۔ (He had slept.)
  • تم بول چکے تھے۔ (You had spoken.)

It is important to note that the past tense endings may vary based on the gender and number of the subject. Additionally, the verb stem may change in some cases to reflect the past tense.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

The past perfect continuous tense is used to describe an action that had been ongoing in the past before another past action occurred. It is formed by combining the past tense of the verb “to have” (رکھا ہوتا تھا – rakha hota tha) with the present participle (-رہا تھا / -رہی تھی / -رہے تھے).

Here are the past perfect continuous tense forms for the verb “to speak” (بولنا – bolna) in the three main grammatical persons:

  1. Singular:

  • I had been speaking: میں بول رہا تھا (Main bol raha tha)
  • You had been speaking (informal): تم بول رہے تھے (Tum bol rahe the)
  • You had been speaking (formal): آپ بول رہے تھے (Aap bol rahe the)
  • He had been speaking: وہ بول رہا تھا (Woh bol raha tha)
  • She had been speaking: وہ بول رہی تھی (Woh bol rahi thi)
  1. Plural:

  • We had been speaking: ہم بول رہے تھے (Hum bol rahe the)
  • You had been speaking (informal): تم بول رہے تھے (Tum bol rahe the)
  • You had been speaking (formal): آپ بول رہے تھے (Aap bol rahe the)
  • They had been speaking: وہ بول رہے تھے (Woh bol rahe the)

Future Tense

There are three types of future tense in Urdu: simple future, future continuous, future perfect and future perfect Continuous. Here is a brief explanation of each type with examples:

Simple Future:

The simple future tense is used to describe actions or events that will happen in the future. It is formed by adding specific endings to the verb stem, depending on the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھاؤں گا۔ (I will eat.)
  • وہ سوئے گا۔ (He will sleep.)
  • تم بولو گے۔ (You will speak.)

Future Continuous:

The future continuous tense is used to describe actions or events that will be happening continuously in the future. It is formed by adding “رہے گا“, “رہی گی“, or “رہیں گے” to the present tense verb stem, depending on the gender and number of the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھا رہا ہوں گا۔ (I will be eating.)
  • وہ سو رہا ہو گا۔ (He will be sleeping.)
  • تم بول رہے ہو گے۔ (You will be speaking.)

Future Perfect:

The future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will be completed by a certain point in the future. It is formed by adding “چکا ہوں گا“, “چکی ہوں گی“, or “چکے ہوں گے” to the present tense verb stem, depending on the gender and number of the subject.

Examples:

  • میں کھا چکا ہوں گا۔ (I will have eaten.)
  • وہ سو چکا ہو گا۔ (He will have slept.)
  • تم بول چکے ہوں گے۔ (You will have spoken.)

It is important to note that the future tense endings may vary based on the gender and number of the subject. Additionally, the verb stem may change in some cases to reflect the future tense.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense:

The future perfect continuous tense is used to describe an ongoing action that will be in progress at a specific point in the future. In Urdu, it is formed by combining the future tense of the verb “to have” (ہو گا / ہوں گے / ہو گی – ho ga / ho gaye / ho gi) with the present participle (-رہا ہوں گا / -رہی ہوں گی / -رہے ہوں گے).

Here are the future perfect continuous tense forms for the verb “to speak” (بولنا – bolna) in the three main grammatical persons:

  1. Singular:

  • I will have been speaking: میں بول رہا ہوں گا (Main bol raha hoon ga)
  • You will have been speaking (informal): تم بول رہی ہوں گی (Tum bol rahi ho gi)
  • You will have been speaking (formal): آپ بول رہے ہوں گے (Aap bol rahe hain gaye)
  • He will have been speaking: وہ بول رہا ہو گا (Woh bol raha ho ga)
  • She will have been speaking: وہ بول رہی ہو گی (Woh bol rahi ho gi)
  1. Plural:

  • We will have been speaking: ہم بول رہے ہوں گے (Hum bol rahe hain gaye)
  • You will have been speaking (informal): تم بول رہی ہو گی (Tum bol rahi ho gi)
  • You will have been speaking (formal): آپ بول رہے ہوں گے (Aap bol rahe hain gaye)
  • They will have been speaking: وہ بول رہے ہوں گے (Woh bol rahe hain gaye)

Summary of Learn English Tenses in Urdu

  1. Present Simple: Used to talk about general facts, habits, and regular occurrences. Example: “میں پاکستان میں رہتا ہوں” (I live in Pakistan).

  2. Present Continuous: Used to talk about actions happening at the present moment or in the near future. Example: “میں ابھی کام کر رہا ہوں” (I am working right now).

  3. Present Perfect : Used to talk about actions that started in the past and have a connection to the present. Example: “میں اپنی کتاب پڑھ چکا ہوں” (I have read my book).

  4. Present Perfect Continuous: Used to talk about ongoing actions that started in the past and continue into the present. Example: “میں پچھلے دو گھنٹے سے پڑھ رہا ہوں” (I have been studying for the past two hours).

  5. Past Simple: Used to talk about completed actions in the past at a specific time or for a specific duration. Example: “میں کچھ دن پہلے واپس آیا” (I came back a few days ago).

  6. Past Continuous: Used to talk about ongoing actions in the past, often interrupted by another event. Example: “میں رات بھر کام کر رہا تھا” (I was working all night).

  7. Past Perfect: Used to talk about actions that occurred before another past event. Example: “میں ہچکی لیتے ہی کھانا کھا چکا تھا” (I had eaten before I hiccuped).

  8. Past Perfect Continuous: Used to talk about ongoing actions that started in the past and continued up to another point in the past. Example: “میں پچھلے دو سالوں سے انگریزی سیکھ رہا تھا” (I had been learning English for the past two years).

  9. Future Simple: Used to talk about actions or events that will happen in the future. Example: “میں کل شام کو پارٹی جاؤں گا” (I will go to the party tomorrow evening).

  10. Future Continuous: Used to talk about ongoing actions that will happen at a specific point or duration in the future. Example: “میں کل صبح سوئمنگ کر رہا ہوں گا” (I will be swimming tomorrow morning).

  11. Future Perfect: Used to talk about actions that will be completed before a specific future event. Example: “تم لنچ کھا لو گے جب میں آوں گا (You will have had lunch by the time I arrive).

  12. Future Perfect Continuous: Used to talk about ongoing actions that will have been happening up to a certain point in the future. Example: “تم چار بجے سے بات کر رہے ہو گے” (You will have been talking since four o’clock).

By understanding and practicing these English Tenses in Urdu, you will be able to express yourself more accurately and fluently in English