NARRATION CHANGE [Direct and Indirect]

Narration change, also known as reported speech or indirect speech, is a linguistic tool that allows us to express someone else’s words or thoughts in our own words. It involves transforming direct speech into indirect speech, a skill that can greatly enhance the clarity and variety of communication.

Before we embark on our journey of understanding narration change, let’s differentiate between direct and indirect speech. Direct speech involves quoting someone’s exact words within quotation marks. In contrast, indirect speech entails paraphrasing or summarizing what someone said without using their exact phrasing.

The Significance of Narration Change

Crafting Engaging Narratives

Narration change breathes life into dialogues by adding variety and dynamism to conversations. 

Expressing Different Viewpoints

By effectively utilizing narration change, communicators can present multiple perspectives on the same subject, enriching the discourse and making it more comprehensive.

Rules and Guidelines for Narration Change

Manipulating Pronouns and Verb Tenses

When converting direct speech to indirect speech, alterations to pronouns and verb tenses are often necessary to maintain accuracy and context.

Employing Reporting Verbs

Selecting appropriate reporting verbs, such as “said,” “asked,” “explained,” or “suggested,” is pivotal in conveying the speaker’s intentions and emotions.

The Art of Mastering Narration Change

A Step-by-Step Approach

  1. Identify the original direct speech.
  2. Determine the required changes in tense and pronouns.
  3. Opt for a suitable reporting verb.
  4. Rearrange the sentence structure if needed.

Examples of NARRATION CHANGE [Direct and Indirect]

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
He said, “I am going to the market to buy carpets.” He said that he was going to the market to buy carpets.
“It’s a lovely day,” she observed. She observed that it was a lovely day.
“I will complete the project,” John stated. John stated that he would complete the project.
“Have you seen my watch?” he asked. He asked if I had seen his watch.
“I love this song,” he said. He said that he loved the song.
“I’m tired,” she admitted. she admitted that she was tired.
“Let’s go for a walk,” they suggested. They suggested going for a walk.
“It’s raining outside,” she observed. She observed that it was raining outside.
“I want to learn the Urdu Language,” she mentioned. She mentioned that she wanted to learn the Urdu Language.
“Don’t touch that!” she warned. She warned not to touch that.
“Where are you going?” he inquired. He inquired where I was going.
“I can’t believe it,” he exclaimed. He exclaimed that he couldn’t believe it.
“I have completed my studies,” she said. She said that she had completed her studies.
“Let’s have dinner together,” she suggested. She suggested having dinner together.
“I’m going to the party,” he announced. He announced that he was going to the party.
“Why did we do that?” she asked. She asked why we had done that.
“I’ll call you later,” he promised. He promised to call me later.
“I required assistance,” he said. He said that he required assistance.
“Be careful with that vase,” he warned. He warned to be careful with that vase.
“I’m not feeling well,” she said. She said that she wasn’t feeling well.
“I’m busy right now,” he explained. He explained that he was busy right now.
“Let’s go to the movies,” they suggested. They suggested going to the movies.
“I can’t swim,” she admitted. She admitted that she couldn’t swim.
“Where is the nearest bank?” he inquired. He inquired where the nearest bank was.
“I would not do this task,” he mentioned. He mentioned that he would not do this task.
“Don’t touch the stove,” he cautioned. He cautioned not to touch the stove.
“Is he coming to the party?” she asked. She asked if he was coming to the party.
“I’m thrilled about the journey,” she said. She said that she was thrilled about the journey.
“I have a surprise for you,” he hinted. He hinted that he had a surprise for me.
“I can’t believe I won,” he exclaimed. He exclaimed that he couldn’t believe he had won.
“Let’s meet at the park,” they suggested. They suggested meeting at the park.
“I’m too late for office,” he explained. He explained that he was too late for office.
“Why did you lie?” he questioned. He questioned why I had lied.
“I promise to help,” she assured. She assured me that she would help.
“I’ll be there on time,” he promised. She promised me that he would be there on time.
“I like your new haircut,” she complimented. She complimented my new haircut.
“I’m going to the gym,” he informed. He informed me that he was going to the gym.
“Why are you crying?” she asked. She asked why I was crying.
“I am going to Karachi to buy a new house,” she mentioned. She mentioned that she was going to Karachi to buy a new house.
“Don’t touch the hot pan,” she warned. She warned not to touch the hot pan.
“Will you help me with this?” he requested. He requested help with that.
“I am feeling too tired because of the long travel,” she admitted. She admitted that she was feeling too tired because of the long travel.
“Where did you find that?” he inquired. He inquired where I had found that.
“I will pick you up from the market at eight o clock,” she promised. She promised to pick me up from the market at eight o clock.
“I need some advice,” she confided. She confided that she needed some advice.
“Can you give me a glass of water?” he asked. He asked if I could give him a glass of water.
“I’m feeling comfortable,” she mentioned. She mentioned that she was feeling comfortable.
“Why did you quit your job?” he questioned. He questioned why I had quit my job.
“I’ll call you tomorrow,” Ali promised. Ali promised me that he would call me the next day.
“Your painting is beautiful,” he complimented. He complimented my painting.
“I’ll be there soon,” he promised. He promised to be there soon.
“Why are you feeling so sad?” He asked. He asked why I was feeling so sad.
“I am going to start a new software project,” she said. She said that she was going to start a new software project.
“Don’t forget to water the plants,” she reminded. She reminded me not to forget to water the plants.
“Could you give me some money?” They asked. They asked if I could give them some money.
“I’ll bring dessert,” she offered. She offered to bring dessert.
“Why did you cancel the event?” he inquired. He inquired why I had canceled the event.
“I’m going to take a vacation,” he revealed. He revealed that he was going to take a vacation.
“Don’t eat too much candy,” she warned. She warned not to eat too much candy.
“Can you help me with my studies?” she asked. She asked if I could help her with his studies.
“I’m planning a surprise party,” she revealed. She revealed that she was planning a surprise party.
“Why did you change your mind?” he questioned. He questioned why I had changed my mind.
“I’ll be there shortly,” he promised. He promised to be there shortly.
“Where did you find that book?” she inquired. She inquired where I had found that book.
“I’ll support you no matter what,” he assured. He assured me that he would support me no matter what.
“Could you please pass me the menu?” he requested. He requested that I could please pass him the menu.
“I’m thinking of starting a business,” he mentioned. He mentioned that he was thinking of starting a business.
“Don’t forget to call your grandparents,” she reminded. She reminded me not to forget to call my grandparents.
“Would you like some juice?” she asked. She asked if I would like some juice.
“I’m considering going back to school,” she revealed. She revealed that she was considering going back to school.
“Why did you leave the party early?” he asked. He asked why I had left the party early.
“I’ll meet you at the restaurant,” he confirmed. He confirmed that he would meet me at the restaurant.
“Where did you buy that dress?” she inquired. She inquired where I had bought that dress.
“I’ll help you with your presentation,” he offered. He offered to help me with my presentation.
“I’m going to adopt a pet,” she announced. She announced that she was going to adopt a pet.

Conclusion

Narration change is a powerful tool that empowers communicators to present information with flair and precision. By skillfully altering perspectives and adapting speech, writers can captivate readers and elevate the overall quality of their content.