PAST INDEFINITE TENSE DEFINITION, STRUCTURE, EXAMPLES, FORMS, FORMULAS

Past Indefinite Tense Structure, Formula, Examples

The past indefinite tense is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now. The time of the action can be in the recent past or the distant past and action duration is not important. With most verbs, the past tense is formed by adding –ed. (Liked, learned, walked). If a short verb ends with a consonant vowel, double the last letter and then add ed. (stopped, topped). However, do not double the last letter if the verb ends in w, x or y. (played, mixed).  If the verb ends in e, just add d. (created, lived). If the verb ends in a consonant + y, change the y to i and add ed. (tried).

Structure of Sentence

Sentences

Formula

Examples

Positive

Subject + Past(V2) + Object

  • You went to the bed early.
  • They watched a movie yesterday.
  • I slept late on Saturdays.
  • He swam on Sunday.
  • She completed her breakfast.

Negative

Subject + did + not + Base form (V1) + object

  • You did not go to the bed early.
  • They didn’t watch a movie yesterday.
  • I did not  sleep late on Saturdays.
  • He did not swim on Sunday.
  • She did not  complete her breakfast.

Question

Did + subject + base form (V1) + object + ?

  • Did you go to the bed early.
  • Did they watch a movie yesterday.
  • Did I sleep late on Saturdays.
  • Did he swim on Sunday.
  • Did she not  complete her breakfast.

 

Forms of Sentence

Positive / affirmative

Positive

I +  Simple Past (V2)

you +  Simple Past (V2)

he +  Simple Past (V2)

she +  Simple Past (V2)

it +  Simple Past (V2)

we +  Simple Past (V2)

they +  Simple Past (V2)

Negative

Negative

Negative Short Form

did not

I didn’t

you did not

you didn’t

he did not

he didn’t

she did not

she didn’t

it did not

it didn’t

we did not

we didn’t

they did not

they didn’t

Question / interrogative

Yes / No Questions

did I ?

did you ?

did he ?

did she ?

did it ?

did we ?

did they ?

Wh Questions

 

where

did I ?

what

did you ?

why

did he ?

who

did she ?

when

did we ?

how

did they ?

Examples

Positive Sentences

Positive of “work”

Positive of “study

Positive of “go

worked

studied

went

You worked

You studied

You went

He worked

He studied

He went

She worked

She studied

She went

It worked

It studied

It went

We worked

We studied

We went

They worked

They studied

They went

Negative Sentences

Negative

Negative Short Form

did not work

didn’t work

You did not work

You didn’t work

He did not work

He didn’t work

She did not work

She didn’t work

It did not work

It didn’t work

We did not work

We didn’t work

They did not work

They didn’t work

Question Sentences

Yes / No questions

Did I work ?

Did you work ?

Did he work ?

Did she work ?

Did it work ?

Did we work ?

Did they work ?

Wh Questions

Question

Sentence

where

did I work ?

Where did I work

what

did you work ?

What did you work

why

did he work ?

Why did he work

who

did she work ?

Who did she work

when

did we work ?

When did we work

how

did they work ?

How did they work

Related Topics:

Past indefinite Tense

Past Indefinite Tense MCQs Quiz