PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE DEFINITION, STRUCTURE, EXAMPLES, FORMS, FORMULAS

Past Perfect Continuous Tense Structure, Formula, Examples

The past perfect continuous tense shows that an action that started in the past continued until another time in the past. Past Perfect Continuous tense is also referred to as the past perfect progressive. The Past Perfect Continuous tense combines perfect progressive aspect with past tense. It emphasizes both the duration and continuity of the action. 

Structure of Sentence

Sentences

Formula

Examples

Positive

 Subject + had + been + Base form(+ing) + object + time reference

  • He had been writing for an hour.
  • She had been travelling since morning.
  • We had been watching tv since evening.
  • She had been dancing since morning.
  • They had been running since morning.

Negative

 Subject + had + not + been + Base form(+ing) + object + TR

  • He had not been writing for an hour.
  • She had not been travelling since morning.
  • We had not been watching tv since evening.
  • She had not been dancing since morning.
  • They had not been running since morning.

Interrogative

Had +subject +been + Base form(ing) + object + T.R. +?

  • Had he been writing for an hour.
  • Had she been travelling since morning.
  • Had we been watching tv since evening.
  • Had she been dancing since morning.
  • Had they been running since morning.

Forms of Sentence

Positive / Forms

Sentences

Positive Short Form

had been

Id been

you had been

youd been

he had been

hed been

she had been

shed been

it had been

itd been

we had been

wed been

they had been

theyd been

Negative Forms

Sentences

Negative Short Form

had not been

I hadn’t been

You had not been

You hadn’t been

He had not been

He hadn’t been

She had not been

She hadn’t been

It had not been

It hadn’t been

We had not been

We hadn’t been

They had not been

They hadn’t been

Question / interrogative Form

Yes / No Questions

had I been?

had you been?

had he been?

had she been?

had it been?

had we been?

had they been?

Wh Questions

 

where

had I been?

what

had you been?

why

had he been?

who

had she been?

when

had we been?

how

had they been?

Examples

Positive

work

study

go

I had been working

I had been studying

I had been going

You had been working

You had been studying

You had been going

He had been working

He had been studying

He had been going

She had been working

She had been studying

She had been going

It had been working

It had been studying

It had been going

We had been working

We had been studying

We had been going

They had been working

They had been studying

They had been going

Negative

Sentences

Negative Short Sentences

had not been working

hadn’t been working

You had not been working

You hadn’t been working

He had not been working

He hadn’t been working

She had not been working

She hadn’t been working

It had not been working

It hadn’t been working

We had not been working

We hadn’t been working

They had not been working

They hadn’t been working

Question

Yes / No questions

Had I been working ?

Had you been working ?

Had he been working ?

Had she been working ?

Had it been working ?

Had we been working ?

Had they been working ?

Wh Questions

Question

Sentence

where

Had I been working ?

Where had I been working

what

Had you been working?

What had you been working

why

Had he been working?

Why had he been working

who

Had she been working?

Who had she been working

when

Had we been working?

When had we been working

how

Had they been working?

How had they been working

Examples in Urdu: Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Test your knowledge: Past Perfect Continuous Tense MCQs Quiz