Present Continuous Tense Structure, Formula, Forms, Examples, Sentence

Present continuous tense expresses the ongoing action or task of the present. The Present Continuous tense, also known as the Present Progressive tense, is used to describe actions that are happening at the time of speaking or actions that are in progress around the current moment. Here is a summary of the usage and structure of the Present Continuous tense:


  1. Actions happening now: We use the Present Continuous to describe actions that are currently taking place. For example: “I am writing an email right now.”

  2. Temporary situations: The tense is also used to describe temporary situations or actions that are in progress but not necessarily happening at the exact moment of speaking. For example: “She is studying for her exams this week.”

  3. Future arrangements: The Present Continuous tense can be used to talk about future arrangements or plans that have been scheduled. For example: “I am meeting my friend tomorrow evening.”

Subject Verb Present participle
I am Present participle (-ing) form
He / she / it is Present participle (-ing) form
We / They are Present participle (-ing) form

Structure of Sentence

Sentences Formula Examples
Positive Subject + is / am / are + Present participle (-ing) form
  • She is crying.
  • The children are sleeping.
  • Ali and his brother are always fighting.
  • We are leaving now.
  • He is going to a new school
Negative Subject + is / am / are + not + Present participle (-ing) form
  • He is not meeting his friends today.
  • I am not going at home after work.
  • They are not eating lunch.
  • We are not going in market.
  • She is not eating food.
Question Is / am / are + Subject + Present participle (-ing) form + ?
  • Are you going?
  • Is he playing football today?
  • Is she laughing?
  • Are we going in market.
  • Are they eating lunch.


Forms of Sentence

Positive / affirmative

Positive Positive Short Form
am I‘m
you are you‘re
he is he‘s
she is she‘s
it is it‘s
we are we‘re
they are they‘re


Positive Positive Short Form
am not I‘m not
you are not you aren’t
he is not he isn’t
she is not she isn’t
it is not it isn’t
we are not we aren’t
they are not they aren’t

Question / interrogative

Yes / No Questions
am I ?
are you ?
is he ?
is she ?
is it ?
are we ?
are they ?
Wh Questions  
where am I ?
what are you ?
why is he ?
who is she ?
when are we ?
how are they ?


Positive Sentences

Positive of “work” Positive of “study Positive of “go
I am working I am studying I am going
You are working You are studying You are going
He is working He is studying He is going
She is working She is studying She is going
It is working It is studying It is going
We are working We are studying We are going
They are working They are studying They are going

Negative Sentences

Negative Negative Short Form
am not working I’m not working
You are not working You aren’t working
He is not working He isn’t working
She is not working She isn’t working
It is not working It isn’t working
We are not working We aren’t working
They are not working They aren’t working

Question Sentences

Yes / No questions
Am I working ?
Are you working ?
Is he working ?
Is She working ?
Is it working ?
Are we working ?
Are they working ?
Wh Questions Question Sentence
where Am I working ? Where am I working
what Are you working ? What are you working
why Is he working ? Why is he working
who Is she working ? Who is she working
when Are we working ? When are we working
how Are they working ? How are they working

It is important to note that the Present Continuous tense is not typically used for permanent states or habits. For those, other tenses like the Present Simple are more appropriate.

Remember to use the Present Continuous tense to talk about actions happening now, temporary situations, or future arrangements. By using this tense correctly, you can convey actions and events that are in progress at or around the present moment.

Test you knowledge: Present Continuous Tense MCQs Quiz