PRESENT PERFECT TENSE DEFINITION, STRUCTURE, EXAMPLES, FORMS, FORMULAS

Present Perfect Tense Structure, Formula, Forms, Examples, Sentence

The present perfect tense is formed from the present tense of the verb have / has and the past participle of a verb. The present perfect tense describes an action that began in the past and the action being described is still continuing into the present.

For example: We have eaten the burger here.

The first element is have or has, depending on the subject the verb is conjugated with. We often use the Present Perfect to talk about experience from the past.

Usage:

  1. Completed actions with present relevance: The present perfect tense is used to talk about past actions that are relevant to the present moment or have an impact on the present situation.

Example:

  • I have finished my homework. (The action of finishing homework is completed, and it is relevant to the present because now I am free to do other things.)
  • They have bought a new car. (The action of buying a new car is completed, and it is relevant to the present because they now own a new car.)
  1. Experiences in life: The present perfect tense is used to talk about experiences or events that have happened at some point in a person’s life without specifying when exactly.

Example:

  • She has visited Paris. (At some point in her life, she visited Paris. The focus is on the experience of visiting, rather than a specific time.)
  • Have you ever eaten sushi? (The question is asking about the experience of eating sushi in a person’s life, without specifying when it happened.)
  1. Unspecified time in the past: The present perfect tense is used when the exact time of the action is not specified or not important.

Example:

  • We have seen that movie. (The time when we saw the movie is not mentioned or not relevant. The focus is on the fact that we have seen it.)
  • Have you ever been to Australia? (The question is asking about the experience of visiting Australia without specifying when it happened.)
  1. Recent actions or events: The present perfect tense is used to talk about actions or events that happened in the recent past, especially when there is a connection to the present.

Example:

  • He has just arrived home. (The action of arriving happened very recently, and it has a connection to the present moment.)
  • We have recently started a new project. (The action of starting a new project happened in the recent past, and it is relevant to the present because we are currently working on it.)

Structure of Sentence:

Sentences Formula Examples
Positive Subject + has / have + Past participle (v3)
  • She has given me her wallet.
  • They have helped his family.
  • I have finished the task.
  • He has given his bat to arshid.
  • The bicycle has been washed.
Negative Subject + has/have + not + Past participle (V3)
  • She has not given me her wallet.
  • They have not helped his family.
  • I have not finished the task.
  • He has not given his bat to arshid.
  • The bicycle has not been washed.
Interrogative Has/have + subject + Past participle (V3) + ?
  • Has she given me her wallet.
  • Have they helped his family.
  • Have I finished the task.
  • Has he given his bat to arshid.
  • Has the bicycle been washed.

Forms of Sentence

Positive / affirmative

Positive Positive Short Form
have Ive
you have youve
he has he‘s
she has she‘s
it has it‘s
we have weve
they have theyve

Negative

Negative Negative Short Form
have not I haven’t
you have not you haven’t
he has not he hasn’t
she has not she hasn’t
it has not it hasn’t
we have not we haven’t
they has not they haven’t

Question / interrogative

Yes / No Questions
have I ?
have you ?
has he ?
has she ?
has it ?
have we ?
have they ?
Wh Questions  
where have I ?
what have you ?
why has he ?
who has she ?
when have we ?
how have they ?

Examples

Positive Sentences

Positive of “work” Positive of “study Positive of “go
I have worked I have studied I have gone
You have worked You have studied You have gone
He has worked He has studied He has gone
She has worked She has studied She has gone
It has worked It has studied It has gone
We have worked We have studied We have gone
They have worked They have studied They have gone

Negative Sentences

Negative Negative Short Form
have not worked haven’t worked
You have not worked You haven’t worked
He has not worked He hasn’t worked
She has not worked She hasn’t worked
It has not worked It hasn’t worked
We have not worked We haven’t worked
They have not worked They haven’t worked

Question Sentences

Yes / No questions
Have I worked ?
Have you worked ?
Has he worked ?
Has she worked ?
Has it worked ?
Have we worked ?
Have they worked ?
Wh Questions Question Sentence
where Have I worked ? Where have I worked?
what Have you worked ? What have you worked?
why Has he worked ? Why has he worked?
who Has she worked ? Who has she worked?
when Have we worked ? When have we worked?
how Have they worked ? How have they worked?

Related Topics:

Present Perfect Tense in Urdu with 20 Examples

Present Perfect MCQs Quiz