USE OF PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

Use of Present Indefinite Tense Structure, Formula, Forms, Examples

Two main use of Present Indefinite Tense:

  • When an action is happening right now.
  • When it happens regularly.

The present tense is the base form of the verb. For example: I work in Lahore. With the third person singular (she / he / it) we add an –s. The Present Indefinite tense, also known as the Present Simple tense, is used to describe general truths, habits, routines, and regular actions. It refers to actions that happen regularly, repeatedly, or are generally true. Here is a summary of the usage and structure of the Present Indefinite tense:

Usage:

  1. General truths: The Present Indefinite tense is used to express facts, general truths, and universal statements. For example: “The sun rises in the east.”

  2. Habits and routines: It is used to describe actions or activities that are habits or routines. For example: “She drinks coffee every morning.”

  3. Scheduled events: The Present Indefinite tense is used to talk about scheduled events or timetables. For example: “The train leaves at 6 PM.”

  4. Narrations: It can be used in narratives or storytelling to describe events in the present tense. For example: “The story begins with a young boy who lives in a small town.”

Structure of Sentence

Sentences Formula Examples
Positive subject + main verb + object
  • She believes in God.
  • I never eat apple.
  • He plays the piano.
  • They play football daily.
  • The child loves noodles.
Negative subject + do not/does not + main verb
  • It does not change cloths.
  • He does not drink water.
  •  She doesn’t like to walk in morning.
  • We do not go to market.
  • I do not like bananas.
  • They do not come to in Lahore.
Negative-Interrogative Question words + subject + do not / does not + main verb
  • Why he does not drink water?
  • Why she does not go to walk?
  • Why they do not come?
  • Why we do not go?
Interrogative Do/Does + subject + verb + object OR question words + Do/Does + subject + verb + object
  • Does it belong to him?
  • Does she like the smoke?
  • Why do they like to swim?
  • Do you like to have dinner?
  • Do he loves to eat apple?

 

Forms of Sentence

Positive / affirmative

Positive
I + main verb
you + main verb
he + main verb + s / es / ies
she + main verb + s / es / ies
it + main verb + s / es / ies
we + main verb
they + main verb

Negative

Negative Negative Short Form
do not I don’t
you do not you don’t
he does not he doesn’t
she does not she doesn’t
it does not it doesn’t
we do not we don’t
they do not they don’t

Question / interrogative

Yes / No Questions
do I ?
do you ?
does he ?
does she ?
does it ?
do we ?
do they ?
Wh Questions  
where do I ?
what do you ?
why does he ?
who does she ?
when do we ?
how do they ?

Examples

Positive Sentences (Add s, es, or ies if the subject is he, she or it)

Positive of “work” Positive of “study Positive of “go
work study go
You work You study You go
He works He studies He goes
She works She studies She goes
It works It studies It goes
We work We study We go
They work They study They go

Negative Sentences (‘do not’ (don’t) or ‘ does not’ (doesn’t))

Negative Negative Short Form
do not work don’t work
You do not work You don’t work
He does not work He doesn’t work
She does not work She doesn’t work
It does not work It doesn’t work
We do not work We don’t work
They do not work They don’t work

Question Sentences

Yes / No questions
Do I work ?
Do you work ?
Does he work ?
Does she work ?
Does it work ?
Do we work ?
Do they work ?
Wh Questions Question Sentence
where do I work ? Where do I work
what do you work ? What do you work
why does he work ? Why dies he work
who does she work ? Who does she work
when do we work ? When do we work
how do they work ? How do they work

It is important to note that the Present Indefinite tense does not indicate actions happening at the exact moment of speaking. It is used for general statements, routines, and regular activities. For actions happening now, the Present Continuous tense is more appropriate.

By using the Present Indefinite tense correctly, you can express habits, general truths, scheduled events, and regular actions in a simple and straightforward manner.

Summary of Present Indefinite Tense

The Present Indefinite tense, also known as the Present Simple tense, is used to describe general truths, habits, routines, and regular actions. It is not used for actions happening at the exact moment of speaking but rather for things that are generally true or occur repeatedly.

In the Present Indefinite tense, the verb remains in its base form (infinitive) for most subjects, while for the third-person singular (he, she, it), an -s or -es is added to the verb.

Positive statements follow the structure: Subject + base form of the verb. For example, “I go to the gym every day.”

Negative statements are formed using: Subject + do/does + not + base form of the verb. For example, “He does not like spicy food.”

Question form follows the structure: Do/Does + subject + base form of the verb. For example, “Do you speak Spanish?”

The Present Indefinite tense is used to express general truths, habits, routines, and scheduled events. It is commonly used for statements of fact, describing regular activities, and narrating stories.

This tense is employed to convey information that is generally true or happens repeatedly, rather than actions occurring at the exact moment of speaking. It is commonly used for stating facts, describing habitual activities, discussing schedules or timetables, and in narratives or storytelling.

By mastering the Present Indefinite tense, individuals can effectively communicate about actions that are universal, routine, or scheduled. Understanding its structure and usage allows for clear and concise expression of ideas related to general truths and regular activities.

Related Topics:

Present Indefinite Tense in Urdu

Present Indefinite Tense – Passive Voice

Present Indefinite Tense MCQs Quiz